Tuesday, September 15, 2015

Organic Compounds

1. What is a organic compound?
      contains a carbon-hydrogen bond Examples: glucose, methane
2. What is an inorganic compound?
      Does not contain a carbon-hydrogen bond Examples: carbon dioxide, water
3. What is the most important inorganic compound?
4. What is the monomer (building block) of carbohydrates?
5. What is the function of carbohydrates?
     Provide energy
6. What is the carbon: hydrogen: oxygen ratio of carbohydrates?
7. What are some examples of monosaccharide?
       Glucose, fructose, galactose
8. What are some examples of polysaccharides?
        Surcrose, starch, cellulose
9. What elements make up lipids?
        C, H, O
10. What are the functions of lipids?
        Hormones, make up the cell membrane, energy storage
11. Are lipids soluble or insoluble in water?
      Based on your previous answer, what does that tell you about lipid polarity?
      Lipids are nonpolar
12. How are lipids classified?
        Saturated or unsaturated
13. What are some examples of lipids?
         Fats oils. waxes, steroids
14. What molecules make up lipids?
         Glycerol and fatty acids
15. What is the monomer of proteins?
        Amino Acids
16. What are the functions of proteins?
        Proper body function
17. What is an enzyme?
         Proteins that control the rate of chemical reactions
18. What are some examples of proteins within the body?
       Muscles, hair, cartilage, nails
19. What are the functions of nucleic acids?
        Store genetic info, make proteins
20. What is the monomer for nucleic acids?
21. What is a nucleotide made of?
         Sugar, phosphate, nitrogen base
22. What are two examples of nucleic acids?
         DNA and RNA

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